Russia, Moscow, Kutuzovsky Ave., 2/1DESIGN: 2014 CLIENT: OJSC HOTEL UKRAINA MORE
International open competition of architectural concepts for «UKRAINA» HOTEL ENTRYWAY
Russia, Moscow, Kutuzovsky Ave., 2/1
Client: OJSC HOTEL UKRAINA
Architects: Nikita Yavein, Ilya Grigoryev, Ivan Kozhin, Andrey Patrikeev, George Snezhkin, Kseniya Schastlivtzeva
Structural engineer: Yuriy Bondarev
The Ukraina Hotel entryway canopy is a 112 long metal sheet (“the rushnik” – an embroidered towel traditionally used to offer bread and salt to guests welcomed to one’s home in Russia and other Eastern European countries) hanging between two massive propylaea in a slight downward curve.
The “rushnik” has a box-shaped section. Its lower surface is flat, while the upper surface is a convex arch with a rising height of 40 cm, thus providing for the necessary structural strength and rigidity. The lower surface is decorated with an ornament resembling traditional towel embroidery.
The propylaea are assembled of cast iron square blocks (6 m x 6m). The blocks are 75 cm high to conform with the rhythm of the horizontal structure of the hotel entrance level. The blocks rest on cast iron pedestals 1.44 m high. One of the propylaea is a structural support, while the other serves as counterweight. The counterweight rests on a cylinder hinge 85 cm in diameter, made of extra high strength steel. This is the only asymmetrical detail in the otherwise highly symmetrical structure.
The stand-alone structure on independent foundations is located 15 cm away from the existing Hotel Ukraina portico and can thus be interpreted as an avant-portico of sorts. The canopy provides reliable shelter from rain, snow and sunlight. Good airflow prevents overheating in the summer. The steel sheet is furnished with snow melting devices, with moisture collected at the lowest point and forced drained into rainwater sewers.